The importance peak was considered as 0

Within investigation, quantitative variables is presented with respect to indicate and important deviation and you will stratified details with regards to quantity and you will proportions. T-take to was used to compare brand new mode and you will logistic regression research was used to evaluate the fresh independent variables within the postpartum anxiety. 05.

step three. Results

After collecting data, results obtained from 174 pregnant women entered statistical analysis. 23 pregnant women were excluded from the study due to positive results from the Beck test. 9 participants with gestational diabetes mellitus, 2 cases of hypothyroidism, and 5 patients with preterm labor were hospitalized. 9 people did not attend follow-up and did not respond to telephone calls, 1 had a stillbirth, and thus 49 participants were excluded from the study.

The mean age of the participants was 25.7 years. 42% of the mothers experienced the first pregnancy. 67.8% of the mothers were scored below 12 in Edinburgh's postpartum depression scale and 32.2% had a score above 12. After examining the demographic variables between the two depressed and nondepressed groups including mother's age, education level, job, type of delivery, sex of neonate, number of pregnancies, and father's education and job, the household income was the only variable that had significant difference in the two groups and it was lower in the depressed mothers (p <0.05) (Table 1).

The knowledge associated with the main variables plus prepregnancy loads, body mass index, the following and you can 3rd trimester gaining weight, and type and full weight gain while pregnant had been also statistically examined. Determine him or her, the fresh analytical test away from logistic regression was used there was a significant relationships ranging from anxiety and you may weight gain of one's 3rd trimester (Otherwise = step one.17).

With respect to the numbers demanded of the IOM to own regular and overweight women that are pregnant, pounds transform were split into step three organizations: inadequate, adequate, and a lot of, and its particular connection with despair is investigated by logistic regression decide to try hence didn't let you know any extreme relationship (Table 2). Once the money is rather different between depressed and you will nondepressed communities, the relationship anywhere between depression and all of pounds details was remeasured having changed effectation of earnings and you can once more just the 3rd trimester pounds acquire had extreme relationship with anxiety considering the effect of money (Otherwise step one.17, 95%CI step one.04-step one.32) (Table step 3).

4. Talk

Just like the found hookup dating apps Grand Rapids in today's investigation, discover no relationships between 1st weight and you will very first Body mass index since well since the sorts of Bmi (normal otherwise heavy) and you may PPD. Research indicated that feamales in gestational months is located at the higher risk of despair and you may research shows a relationship ranging from being obese and you can despair within the expecting and you may nonpregnant female and you will figured indeed there is a serving-reaction dating between your rise in primary Bmi and the enhanced risk of despair in pregnancy and you will postpartum .

In today's study, 33% away from mothers which have typical Bmi and you can 31.4% out-of overweight pregnant women got positive results off PPD tests, while the a few groups did not have a big difference during the postpartum anxiety.

In keeping with the conclusions, LaCoursiere (2006) revealed that the latest prevalence out-of PPD symptoms in females that have normal Body mass index is twenty two.8 ± 1.2% therefore try 29.8% ± 2.5% into the obese people but in a fresh data, certainly one of 245 expecting mothers having typical pounds while pregnant, eight.8% throughout the 6-8 weeks once beginning had despair . We hypothesized your more Bmi early in maternity was, the greater amount of perhaps the mom is always to experience PPD however, the details failed to secure the theory. Fox and you can Yamaguchi (1997) figured when comparing to prepregnancy normal lbs women, fat lady have been likely to provides positive evaluate about their system image and weight gain in pregnancy and also the rates out of experience PPD is equivalent into the a couple of organizations .